Australia Marine Conservation Society - KI Branch

Hog Bay


Sea Grass



South Australia's unique marine environment supports a rich diversity of habitats, plants and animals.
In the calm waters of our gulfs there are large seagrass, saltmarsh and mangrove areas. These are some of the largest, sheltered coastal ecosystems to be found anywhere in Australia.

One of the ways we can manage and conserve our marine environments is through the creation of marine protected areas.

South Australia was one of the first states in Australia to make laws to create marine protected areas. However since the 1970's there have been few areas set aside. In the last ten years only three reserves have been declared.

Researchers feel there is a need to have large areas managed and protected throughout all of the major types of marine regions in the state.

In planning marine protected areas for South Australia it is important to make sure that the great diversity of habitats is represented.

Some of the areas not well represented in South Australia's reserve system include cool water kelp forests, soft-bottomed areas, estuaries, beach habitats and wave-exposed cliffs.

As well as protecting habitats, there may also be a need to improve the conservation of some species such as reef fish, seadragons, seahorses and pipefish, Great White Shark and some shellfish and other invertebrates.

There is a growing public awareness of the need to ensure our marine environments are adequately protected and conserved.

Historically, the rapid development of agriculture and industries has lead to many of our unique landscapes being altered or lost. We have a great opportunity not to repeat the process in our seas.

With the rapid development of marine industries such as aquaculture, we need to ensure that our unique "seascapes" are conserved, and that developments that may impact on them are managed in an environmentally sound way .

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